At the shoulder, the cephalic vein travels between the deltoid and pectoralis major muscles (known as the deltopectoral groove), and enters the axilla region via the clavipectoral triangle. Within the axilla, the cephalic vein empties into axillary vein.
What area does the cephalic vein drain?
The cephalic vein drains the lateral side of the superficial venous network of the dorsum, which in turn drains blood from the palm of the hand 2. As it ascends, the cephalic vein drains blood from the lateral aspect of the upper limbs via small superficial veins 1.
Where does the basilic vein drain into?
In the upper arm, the basilic vein parallels and is superficial to the course of the brachial artery in the bicipital groove. Proximally, it drains into the axillary vein.
What does the cephalic vein connected to?
In human anatomy, the cephalic vein is a superficial vein in the arm. It communicates with the basilic vein via the median cubital vein at the elbow and is located in the superficial fascia along the anterolateral surface of the biceps.
What is the termination of the cephalic vein?
Termination. The cephalic vein terminates by draining into the first part of the axillary vein at the clavipectoral triangle 2.
What is the longest vein in the body?
Great Saphenous Vein (GSV) – The GSV is the large superficial vein of the leg and the longest vein in the entire body.
Does everyone have a cephalic vein?
Cephalic vein (also called the antecubital vein) is a superficial vein of the preaxial border of the upper limb and is clearly visible in light-skinned individuals .
What are the 3 main veins to draw blood?
The antecubital area of the arm is usually the first choice for routine venipuncture. This area contains the three vessels primarily used by the phlebotomist to obtain venous blood specimens: the median cubital, the cephalic and the basilic veins.
What is the largest vein in the arm?
- cephalic vein – glides along the biceps: the “signature vein” of bodybuilders.
- median cubital vein – often used to draw blood (venipuncture).
- basilic vein – usually the largest vein in the arm: often used for dialysis access.
Why is the basilic vein the last choice?
The basilic vein should be considered only as a final alternative. It is more difficult to access than the other veins of the antecubital area and its proximity to artery, nerves and tendons increases the possibility of injury to the patient. The median cubital and cephalic veins are better choices.
What vein is blood drawn from?
Most of the time, blood is drawn from a vein located on the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medicine (antiseptic). An elastic band is put around the upper arm to apply pressure to the area. This makes the vein swell with blood.
Is cephalic vein superficial or deep?
Superficial veins — The main superficial veins of the upper extremity include the cephalic, basilic, median cubital, and accessory cephalic veins (figure 1).
Which is the best vein for venous blood collection?
Relevant Anatomy. The median cubital and cephalic veins are preferred for blood sampling, but other arm and hand veins may be used. The cephalic vein is located on the lateral (radial) side of the arm, and the basilic vein is located on the medial (ulnar) side.
Why cephalic vein is called Preaxial?
The preaxial veins (cephalic and greater saphenous) are on the first digit side of the limbs. … The lower limb veins maintain their association with their origins throughout the rotation of the lower limb.
What is great saphenous vein?
The great saphenous vein (GSV, alternately “long saphenous vein”; /səˈfiːnəs/) is a large, subcutaneous, superficial vein of the leg. It is the longest vein in the body, running along the length of the lower limb, returning blood from the foot, leg and thigh to the deep femoral vein at the femoral triangle.