It’s usually caused by a change in the JAK2 gene, which causes the bone marrow cells to produce too many red blood cells. The affected bone marrow cells can also develop into other cells found in the blood, which means that people with PV may also have abnormally high numbers of both platelets and white bloods cells.
What does it mean when your body is making too much blood?
Polycythemia vera (PV) is a rare disease that causes your body to make too many red blood cells. Your blood may become too thick. This causes serious health problems. PV increases the risk of abnormal blood clots, which could lead to a heart attack or stroke.
What causes polycythemia?
Polycythemia vera is caused by a malignant change in the genetic material (DNA) within a single cell of the bone marrow (clonal disorder). Bone marrow is the soft, spongy material found inside bone where most blood cell production occurs. The underlying reason why this malignant change occurs is unknown.
How dangerous is polycythemia?
Polycythemia vera can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated. It can cause blood clots resulting in a heart attack, stroke, or pulmonary embolism.
What are the side effects of high red blood cell count?
If you have a high RBC count, you could experience symptoms such as: fatigue. shortness of breath. joint pain.
Symptoms of an abnormal count
- shortness of breath.
- dizziness, weakness, or lightheadedness, particularly when you change positions quickly.
- increased heart rate.
- pale skin.
What are the symptoms if your blood is too thick?
What are the symptoms of thick blood?
- blurred vision.
- easy bruising.
- excessive menstrual bleeding.
- high blood pressure.
- itching skin.
How do you know if your blood is dirty?
Recognizing the symptoms of blood poisoning
weakness. rapid breathing. increased heart rate or palpitations. paleness of the skin, especially in the face.
How can you tell if a person has polycythemia?
- Itchiness, especially after a warm bath or shower.
- Numbness, tingling, burning, or weakness in your hands, feet, arms or legs.
- A feeling of fullness soon after eating and bloating or pain in your left upper abdomen due to an enlarged spleen.
- Unusual bleeding, such as a nosebleed or bleeding gums.
Can polycythemia go away?
There’s no cure for polycythemia vera. Treatment focuses on reducing your risk of complications. These treatments may also ease your symptoms.
What is the most common cause of polycythemia?
Primary polycythemia is genetic. It’s most commonly caused by a mutation in the bone marrow cells, which produce your red blood cells. Secondary polycythemia can also have a genetic cause.
What should I eat if I have polycythemia?
Polycythemia vera diet
Eat well-balanced meals complete with fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and low-fat dairy. Ask your doctor how many calories you should consume each day to maintain a healthy weight. Also, watch how much salt you eat.
Can you live a long life with polycythemia vera?
Polycythemia Vera: Prognosis and Life Expectancy. Polycythemia vera (PV) is a rare blood cancer. While no cure exists for PV, it can be controlled through treatment, and you can live with the disease for many years.
How long can you live with polycythemia?
Median survival in patients with polycythemia vera (PV), which is 1.5-3 years in the absence of therapy, has been extended to approximately 14 years overall, and to 24 years for patients younger than 60 years of age, because of new therapeutic tools.
Should I worry if my red blood cell count is high?
A high red blood cell count is generally considered to be anything above 6.1 million red blood cells for men, 5.4 million for women, and 5.5 for children. Additional tests will help your doctor determine the cause of your high red blood cell count and next steps in your care.
What should I eat if my red blood cells are high?
5 nutrients that increase red blood cell counts
- red meat, such as beef.
- organ meat, such as kidney and liver.
- dark, leafy, green vegetables, such as spinach and kale.
- dried fruits, such as prunes and raisins.
- egg yolks.
How do you decrease red blood cells?
- Exercise to improve heart and lung function.
- Eat less red meat and iron-rich foods.
- Avoid iron supplements.
- Keep yourself well hydrated.
- Avoid diuretics, including coffee and caffeinated drinks.
- Stop smoking, especially if you have COPD or pulmonary fibrosis.