Blood and body fluid precautions are recommendations designed to prevent the transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and other diseases while giving first aid or other health care that includes contact with body fluids or blood.
Why should we avoid having contact with patient’s bodily fluids?
If you have contact with a person’s blood or body fluids you could be at risk of HIV, hepatitis B or hepatitis C, or other blood borne illnesses. Body fluids, such as sweat, tears, vomit or urine may contain and pass on these viruses when blood is present in the fluid, but the risk is low.
Why are body fluids important?
Fluid helps to protect and cushion joints and organs. Fluid helps to prevent dehydration. Dehydration causes headaches, fatigue, confusion and irritability. Fluid helps your kidneys work to produce urine and remove waste from the body.
Why is the protocol after exposure to blood or other body fluids so important?
PEP is an emergency medical response given as soon as possible to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne pathogens after potential exposure. It is available for HIV and hepatitis B. Accidental exposure to potentially infected blood or other body fluids is a medical emergency.
How can you protect yourself from blood contact?
Personal Protective Equipment
- Latex gloves and gowns-gloves and gowns protect your skin and hands from coming into contact with blood.
- Face Shield and eye protection-these items prevent blood from entering the mucous membranes through the eyes, nose or mouth.
What precautions should you take to avoid contact with a person’s body fluids?
How can you reduce your risk of exposure to blood and body fluids?
- Always wear gloves for handling items or surfaces soiled with blood or body fluids.
- Wear gloves if you have scraped, cut, or chapped skin on your hands.
- Change your gloves after each use.
- Wash your hands immediately after removing your gloves.
What diseases are spread through bodily fluids?
Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:
- hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.
- hepatitis C – blood.
- human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.
- cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.
What is the most important component of body fluids?
Plasma is mostly water and dissolved proteins, but also contains metabolic blood gasses, hormones, and glucose. The composition of transcellular fluid varies, but some of its main electrolytes include sodium ions, chloride ions, and bicarbonate ions.
How do fluids play a role in the human body?
Bodily fluids are liquids that come from inside human bodies and help transport nutrients and expel waste from human cells.
How do you maintain body fluids?
10 Healthy Ways to Increase Your Fluid Intake
- Drink a water-based beverage (water, juice or milk) with every meal and snack — between 8 and 16 oz. …
- Consume fluids before you are thirsty. …
- If you drink caffeinated beverages (coffee, tea and sodas), alternate decaffeinated beverage intake throughout the day. …
- Try calorie-free, fruit-flavored waters to add some variety.
What would you do if you were exposed to blood or body fluids?
if blood or body fluids get on the skin, irrespective of whether there are cuts or abrasions, wash well with soap and water. if the eyes are splashed, rinse the area gently but thoroughly with water while the eyes are open.
What steps can you take if you have been exposed to blood or bodily fluids?
What should I do if I am exposed?
- Wash your hands immediately after any exposure to blood or body fluids, even if you wear gloves.
- If you get splashed in the eyes, nose, or mouth, flush with water.
- If you are pricked by a needle (needlestick), contact your doctor right away for further advice.
What protocols would you need to follow after being exposed to blood?
Treatment protocols should include removal of contaminated clothing and thorough washing of the injured area with soap and water. Affected mucous membranes should be flushed with large amounts of water. Eyes should be flushed gently. The exposed person must report any occupational exposures immediately.
What happens when someone else’s blood gets on you?
The risk of an infection being passed on is highest if your skin is broken or punctured as you come into contact with the infected blood. For example, if: you puncture your skin with a used needle or other sharp object that has infected blood on it. someone with blood in their saliva bites you and breaks your skin.
What is the only body fluid that is not considered infectious?
Feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus are not considered potentially infectious unless they are visibly bloody.
Can you get a disease from touching blood?
FEBRUARY 2019 Page 2 Page 3 1 INFECTIONS SUCH AS HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), hepatitis B and hepatitis C can be spread to you (the Exposed) if you come in contact with the blood or body fluid of an infected person (the Source).