According to the AAP, heart murmurs are a concern when they occur very early at birth or during the first 6 months of life. These murmurs, common in premature babies, are not innocent, and most likely will require the attention of a pediatric cardiologist immediately.
Is a heart murmur serious in babies?
Who Gets Heart Murmurs? Parents might worry if they’re told that their child has a heart murmur. But heart murmurs are very common, and many kids are found to have one at some point. Most murmurs are not a cause for concern and won’t affect a child’s health at all.
Do heart murmurs in babies go away?
Innocent murmurs (functional murmurs)
Many disappear as the child grows, although some do last into adulthood. Your doctor can detect these murmurs by simply listening to your child’s heart with a stethoscope.
How common are heart murmurs in babies?
More than 66 percent of all children, and approximately 75 percent of all newborns, have normal heart murmurs. Abnormal blood flow suggests a structural heart problem or defect, which requires further evaluation.
Can an innocent heart murmur become serious?
Heart murmurs are classified as either “innocent” or “abnormal.” Innocent heart murmurs aren’t dangerous and generally require no medical intervention. They can be caused by anemia, fever or hyperthyroidism, among other reasons.
Why do heart murmurs occur in babies?
In children, abnormal murmurs are usually caused by structural problems of the heart (congenital heart defects). Common congenital defects that cause heart murmurs include: Holes in the heart. Known as septal defects, holes in the heart may or may not be serious, depending on the size of the hole and its location.
Can a child outgrow a heart murmur?
Most normal heart murmurs eventually disappear by mid-adolescence. Your child won’t need treatment or special restrictions on his/her diet or activities. He or she can be as active as any other normal, healthy child.
How do they fix a heart murmur?
Treatment depends on the heart condition causing the murmur and may include medications or surgery.
To repair a valve, your doctor may recommend one of the following procedures:
- Balloon valvuloplasty. …
- Annuloplasty. …
- Repair of structural support. …
- Valve leaflet repair.
Can a child with a heart murmur play sports?
If you do have a pathological heart murmur, your doctor will let you know if you need treatment (not all require treatment), and how the condition may or may not affect your day-to-day activities, including sports participation. “In most cases, people with murmurs have no symptoms,” says Dr. Singh.
Can you see a heart murmur on an ECG?
Your doctor may order one or more of the following tests to see whether your heart murmur is innocent or if it is caused by acquired valve disease or a defect you were born with: Electrocardiogram (EKG), which measures the electrical activity of the heart.
When do heart murmurs go away?
Most often, the murmur will go away with age. However, some may live with a heart murmur into adulthood. In adults, meanwhile, some heart diseases — including heart valve disease — can cause heart murmurs. In this article, we describe the two types of heart murmur, their causes, and some treatment options.
What does a heart murmur indicate?
A heart murmur is a whooshing, humming or rasping sound between the heartbeat sounds. This is caused by noisy blood flow within the heart. Blood can flow abnormally through the heart for many reasons, including defective valves, congenital heart disorders and anaemia.
What happens if a child has a heart murmur?
Many heart murmurs are normal, extra sounds in children with strong, healthy hearts. These children don’t need treatment. Some of these heart murmurs may go away on their own with time. If the murmur is from a congenital heart defect, treatment may include medicine, procedures, or surgery.
What can make a heart murmur worse?
If you have gone through treatment to replace or repair a heart valve, your murmur may change sound or go away completely. Likewise, murmurs can get worse if a condition goes untreated or becomes more serious.
Can you live a long life with a heart murmur?
Living with a heart murmur
If you or your child has an innocent heart murmur, you can live a completely normal life. It will not cause you any problems and is not a sign of an issue with your heart. If you have a murmur along with any of the following symptoms, see your doctor: You are very tired.
Why do heart murmurs come and go?
Murmurs heard through a stethoscope are dynamic. That means we can hear a murmur, but it may come and go and change. The changes depend on a person’s blood vessels, blood pressure, lung health or chest wall differences.