What questions do you ask about hypertension?
Questions to Ask Your Doctor About High Blood Pressure
- What is my blood pressure?
- What should my blood pressure be?
- What kind of diet should I follow to help control my blood pressure?
- How much should I weigh?
- Can you recommend a diet or eating plan to help me reach that weight?
- How much exercise should I be doing?
How do you assess a patient with hypertension?
The evaluation of hypertension involves accurately measuring the patient’s blood pressure, performing a focused medical history and physical examination, and obtaining results of routine laboratory studies. A 12-lead electrocardiogram should also be obtained.
What question should a nurse ask prior to taking a patient’s blood pressure?
Physicians should ask three questions when measuring blood pressure: (1) whether patients were rushing or physically active just before the appointment; (2) whether they have been taking their medication; and (3) what kind of diet and physical activity regimen they have.
What should you ask a patient before taking blood pressure?
3 questions to ask patients when measuring blood pressure
- “Were you rushing to get here or physically active right before this appointment?” There are multiple factors that can influence blood pressure measurement. …
- “Have you been taking your medication?” If patients are on medication for high blood pressure, it is important to know if they are actually taking it.
What to do if a patient’s blood pressure is high?
Here’s what you can do:
- Eat healthy foods. Eat a heart-healthy diet. …
- Decrease the salt in your diet. Aim to limit sodium to less than 2,300 milligrams (mg) a day or less. …
- Maintain a healthy weight. …
- Increase physical activity. …
- Limit alcohol. …
- Don’t smoke. …
- Manage stress. …
- Monitor your blood pressure at home.
What are the 2 numbers that make up blood pressure called?
A blood pressure reading is made up of two numbers expressed as a fraction. The top number, or systolic pressure, measures how much pressure is in the arteries when the heart contracts. The bottom number, or diastolic pressure, measures the blood pressure between beats.
How do you confirm a patient has primary hypertension?
How is essential hypertension diagnosed?
- Cholesterol test. Also called a lipid profile, this will test your blood for your cholesterol levels.
- Echocardiogram. This test uses sound waves to make a picture of your heart.
- Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG). …
- Kidney and other organ function tests.
What conditions can hypertension cause?
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to complications including:
- Heart attack or stroke. …
- Aneurysm. …
- Heart failure. …
- Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidneys. …
- Thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes. …
- Metabolic syndrome. …
- Trouble with memory or understanding. …
What is the first drug of choice for hypertension?
The strongest body of evidence indicates that for most patients with hypertension, thiazide diuretics are the best proven first-line treatment in reducing morbidity and mortality.
How long would you wait before assessing your patient’s blood pressure on the same arm?
At least two measurements should be taken in the same arm with the patient in the same position, and the mean should be recorded. Blood pressure also should be assessed after two minutes of standing (with arm supported) and at times when patients report symptoms suggestive of postural hypotension.
What can the nurse suggest to reduce blood pressure without medications?
Eating a diet rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products (such as the DASH diet) while cutting back on foods that are high in saturated fat and cholesterol can significantly lower your blood pressure.
What should a patient be told about how do you manage their blood pressure?
Make a few lifestyle changes
- Maintain a healthy weight. Strive for a body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 24.9.
- Eat healthier. Eat lots of fruit, veggies and low-fat dairy, and less saturated and total fat.
- Reduce sodium. …
- Get active. …
- Limit alcohol.
What does it mean if you have higher pulse pressure?
This can be due to high blood pressure or atherosclerosis, fatty deposits that build up on your arteries. Additionally, iron deficiency anemia and hyperthyroidism can lead to an increase in pulse pressure. A high pulse pressure is often associated with increased risk of heart attack or stroke, particularly in men.
When should I follow up after starting blood pressure medication?
Follow-up visits will be scheduled at 2 weeks to 6 months depending on patients’ responses to and adherence with treatment. The clinical pharmacist or pharmacy resident will contact the primary physician on the initiation of the above medications or if a medication requires discontinuation.