Women of childbearing age are the population with the most affected individuals, with an estimated 468 million being non-pregnant women, according to WHO1 and are the highest at-risk population group for iron-deficiency anemia.
Which of the following population groups is at greatest risk for iron deficiency?
Certain populations are at sufficiently high risk for iron deficiency to warrant consideration for prophylactic iron therapy. These include pregnant women, women with menorrhagia, consumers of a strict vegetarian diet, infants, adolescent girls, and regular blood donors.
Which age group is most at risk for iron deficiency anemia?
Infants and children at highest risk of iron deficiency include: Babies who are born prematurely or have a low birth weight. Babies who drink cow’s milk or goat’s milk before age 1. Breast-fed babies who aren’t given complementary foods containing iron after age 6 months.
Which group of the global population is most affected by Anaemia?
Anaemia is a serious global public health problem that particularly affects young children and pregnant women. WHO estimates that 42% of children less than 5 years of age and 40% of pregnant women worldwide are anaemic.
Where is iron deficiency most common?
Iron deficiency (ID) is estimated to be the most common cause of anemia worldwide and is particularly prevalent in developing nations in Africa and Asia (2).
What blood type is most likely to be anemic?
In the present study, it is found that anemia is relatively prone to the individuals having blood group B, A or AB. It is also discovered that individuals with blood group O are comparatively resistant to anemia in spite of large frequency distribution of O groups in general population.
What are the 3 stages of iron deficiency?
The Three Stages Of Iron Deficiency
- Part 1 – The Various Stages Of Iron Deficiency.
- Stage 1 – Storage Depletion – Lower than expected blood ferritin levels. …
- Stage 2 – Mild Deficiency- During the second stage of iron deficiency, transport iron ( known as transferrin) decreases.
What gender is most affected by anemia?
Overall, anemia is twice as prevalent in females as in males. This difference is significantly greater during the childbearing years due to pregnancies and menses.
What race is most anemic?
Studies have found that anemia is 3 times more common in African Americans than in Whites . While iron deficiency is the leading cause for anemia, the reduced count of red blood cells can arise from other causes such as chronic diseases, which are growing concerns for public health .
How can I raise my iron levels quickly?
Choose iron-rich foods
- Red meat, pork and poultry.
- Dark green leafy vegetables, such as spinach.
- Dried fruit, such as raisins and apricots.
- Iron-fortified cereals, breads and pastas.
What are the 3 main causes of anemia?
Anemia has three main causes: blood loss, lack of red blood cell production, and high rates of red blood cell destruction. Anemia can make you feel tired, cold, dizzy, and irritable.
What is the prevalence of anemia?
Globally, anaemia affects 1.62 billion people (95% CI: 1.50–1.74 billion), which corresponds to 24.8% of the population (95% CI: 22.9–26.7%). The highest prevalence is in preschool-age children (47.4%, 95% CI: 45.7–49.1), and the lowest prevalence is in men (12.7%, 95% CI: 8.6–16.9%).
What is the prevention of anemia?
It offers these suggestions: Eat plenty of iron-rich foods, such as tofu, green and leafy vegetables, lean red meat, lentils, beans and iron-fortified cereals and breads. Eat and drink vitamin C-rich foods and drinks. Avoid drinking tea or coffee with your meals, as they can affect iron absorption.
How long does it take to correct iron deficiency?
Most people start to feel better within a few days of beginning treatment. Even though you feel better, you will need to keep taking the pills for several months to build up your iron stores. Sometimes it takes up to 6 months of treatment with iron supplements before iron levels return to normal.
What foods should you avoid if you have anemia?
Foods to avoid
- tea and coffee.
- milk and some dairy products.
- whole-grain cereals.
- foods that contain tannins, such as grapes, corn, and sorghum.
- foods rich in gluten, such as pasta and other products made with wheat, barley, rye, or oats.
How long does it take to get iron levels up?
– It usually takes 2 to 3 weeks of taking regular iron supplements before your symptoms start to improve. – You may need to keep taking iron for several months to build up your iron reserves and keep your anemia from returning. Take your pills for as long as your doctor recommends, even if your symptoms have improved.