What is the term for an increase in blood vessel diameter quizlet?

An increase in a blood vessel’s internal diameter is called. vasodilation.

What happens when blood vessel diameter increases?

As the total cross-sectional area of the vessels increases, the velocity of flow decreases. Blood flow is slowest in the capillaries, which allows time for exchange of gases and nutrients. Resistance is a force that opposes the flow of a fluid. In blood vessels, most of the resistance is due to vessel diameter.

What happens when the diameter of an artery decreases quizlet?

Resistance to flow and blood pressure. Resistance to flow increases as vessel diameter decreases, and increased resistance to flow tends to increase blood pressure.

When the diameter of the vascular lumen enlarges it is called?

During stenosis of blood vessels, collateral blood vessels (in particular, arterioles) significantly expand their lumen diameter to compensate for the narrowing of a large coronary artery (Cai and Schaper 2008).

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What layer can change blood vessel diameter by vasodilation and vasoconstriction?

It is the thickest layer in all but the largest arteries. The tunica externa is primarily a layer of connective tissue, although in veins, it also contains some smooth muscle. Blood flow through vessels can be dramatically influenced by vasoconstriction and vasodilation in their walls.

What factors affect blood vessel diameter?

Blood Vessel Diameter

  • Astrocyte.
  • Pericyte.
  • Blood Pressure.
  • Perfusion.
  • Vascularization.
  • Angiogenesis.
  • Vasoconstriction.
  • Vasodilatation.

What effect does heat increased temperature have on blood vessel diameter?

The heat energy is transferred to the vessel wall causing it warmer. We hypothesize that temperature changes can alter Young’s modulus of the vessel wall. Therefore, as temperature of the vessel wall increases, Young’s modulus of the wall decreases, and vice versa.

What is it called when the diameter of a blood vessel decreases?

the diameter of the blood vessel decreases; vasoconstriction.

Which blood vessels have the thickest walls?

Arteries have thicker wall as compared to arteriole and veins.


  • Arteries have thick walls and are situated superficially in comparison to other blood vessels.
  • This is due to the fact that these blood vessels are responsible for transporting oxygenated blood across the body under high pressure.

What is the term for making the internal diameter of the blood vessel smaller?

Blood vessels have a muscle layer that is able to relax or contract. When we need to increase our blood pressure, the muscle layer contracts and makes the blood vessel diameter smaller. This is called “vasoconstriction”.

What is the lumen in blood vessels?

The lumen is the hollow opening or the space inside the blood vessel.

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Where would you find the blood vessels with the largest diameter quizlet?

The aorta is the largest‐diameter artery in the body.

Which blood vessel has the largest diameter?

In the systemic circuit, blood is ejected out of the left ventricle via a single large artery—the aorta. All arteries of the systemic circulation branch from the aorta (this is the largest artery of the body, with a diameter of 2-3 cm), and divide into progressively smaller vessels.

What is the most common vasodilator?

The most commonly used vasodilators are nitroprusside, nitroglycerin, and hydralazine.

What is an example of a vasodilator?

Some drugs used to treat hypertension, such as calcium channel blockers — which prevent calcium from entering blood vessel walls — also dilate blood vessels. But the vasodilators that work directly on the vessel walls are hydralazine and minoxidil.

What is the strongest vasodilator?

CGRP: a novel neuropeptide from the calcitonin gene is the most potent vasodilator known.

Cardiac cycle