It was observed in a male corpse, common hepatic artery originating from the superior mesenteric artery, located 3.5 cm lower and lateral from the celiac trunk, forming a hepatomesenteric trunk.
Where does the common hepatic artery originate from?
The common hepatic artery typically originates from the celiac axis together with the splenic and left gastric arteries. After giving off the gastroduodenal artery, the proper hepatic artery bifurcates into the right and left hepatic arteries, which further branch to supply the hepatic segments.
Which arteries arise from the common hepatic artery?
The gastroduodenal artery arising from the common hepatic artery, a branch of the celiac trunk, becomes the superior pancreaticoduodenal artery as it passes behind the first portion of the duodenum. The superior pancreaticoduodenal artery branches into the anterior and posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries.
What does the common hepatic artery branch into?
Common Hepatic Artery. The common hepatic artery is the sole arterial supply to the liver and the only branch of the coeliac artery to pass to the right. As it travels past the superior aspect of the duodenum, it divides into its two terminal branches – the proper hepatic and gastroduodenal arteries.
Where is the common hepatic artery become the proper hepatic artery?
The hepatic artery proper runs anteromedial to the portal vein and medial to the common bile duct to form the portal triad within the hepatoduodenal ligament 1. It terminates by bifurcating into the right and left hepatic arteries before entering the porta hepatis of the liver.
What is the purpose of hepatic artery?
(Hepatic artery is visible at upper left.) The common hepatic artery is a short blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the liver, pylorus of the stomach, duodenum, pancreas, and gallbladder.
What is proper hepatic artery?
The hepatic artery proper (also proper hepatic artery) is the artery that supplies the liver and gallbladder. It raises from the common hepatic artery, a branch of the celiac artery.
Which organ is supplied by the hepatic artery?
role in cardiovascular system. …the stomach and esophagus; the hepatic artery, which primarily serves the liver; and the splenic artery, which supplies the stomach, pancreas, and spleen.
What does the hepatic artery transport?
The hepatic artery carries blood from the aorta to the liver, whereas the portal vein carries blood containing the digested nutrients from the entire gastrointestinal tract, and also from the spleen and pancreas to the liver. These blood vessels subdivide into capillaries that then lead to a lobule.
What does the right hepatic artery supply?
The right hepatic artery is an end artery and contributes sole arterial supply to right lobe of the liver. Misinterpretation of normal anatomy and anatomical variations of the right hepatic artery contribute to the major intraoperative mishaps and complications in hepatobiliary surgery.
What are the three main branches of the common hepatic artery?
This article will discuss the anatomy and function of the common hepatic artery.
Common hepatic artery.
|Branches||Right gastric artery, gastroduodenal artery, proper hepatic artery|
|Supply||Liver, pylorus of the stomach, duodenum, pancreas, gallbladder|
Where does blood go from the hepatic artery?
Blood leaves the liver through the hepatic veins. This blood is a mixture of blood from the hepatic artery and from the portal vein. The hepatic veins carry blood to the inferior vena cava—the largest vein in the body—which then carries blood from the abdomen and lower parts of the body to the right side of the heart.
What does the hepatic artery contain?
Within the liver, branches of the hepatic artery form several patterns, including (1) a peribiliary plexus, (2) a vasa vasorum for the portal vein, or (3) an array of terminal hepatic arterioles that drain directly into the sinusoids. In addition, the hepatic artery provides branches to supply the liver capsule.
What is replaced right hepatic artery?
A replaced right hepatic artery (RHA) arose from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in 3.7% of cases, while a replaced left hepatic artery (LHA) stemmed from the left gastric artery in 3% of cases.
How many hepatic veins are there?
The hepatic veins are the veins that drain de-oxygenated blood from the liver into the inferior vena cava. There are usually three upper hepatic veins draining from the left, middle, and right parts of the liver.
What is hepatic artery stenosis?
INTRODUCTION. Hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) is a possible complication of orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) occurring in 3.1%-7.4% of patients[1-4]. HAS may progress to hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT), limiting graft perfusion and causing liver dysfunction and biliary ischemia.