|Term Blood vessels: Function||Definition Vessels make up piping for blood flow throughout body, they supply nutrients and pick up waste.|
|Term Arteries (largest to smallest)||Definition Elastic arteries, muscular arteries, arterioles, metarterioles.|
What is the order of blood vessels from largest to smallest?
Blood vessels include arteries, veins, and capillaries.
- Arteries are muscular blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. …
- Veins are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart. …
- Capillaries are the smallest type of blood vessels.
What is the largest type of artery?
The largest artery is the aorta, the main high-pressure pipeline connected to the heart’s left ventricle. The aorta branches into a network of smaller arteries that extend throughout the body. The arteries’ smaller branches are called arterioles and capillaries.
Which artery is smallest?
The smallest artery in the human body is an arteriole. Arterioles branch off from the end of arteries and take blood to the capillaries, which are the…
What are the 4 major arteries?
The Coronary Arteries are the blood vessels that supply blood to your heart. They branch off of the aorta at its base. The right coronary artery, the left main coronary, the left anterior descending, and the left circumflex artery, are the four major coronary arteries.
What are the 5 Major blood vessels?
There are five classes of blood vessels: arteries and arterioles (the arterial system), veins and venules (the venous system), and capillaries (the smallest bloods vessels, linking arterioles and venules through networks within organs and tissues) (Fig 1).
What is the correct order of blood flow?
Circulatory System: Heart Structures and Functions; Blood flows through the heart in the following order: body –>inferior/superior vena cava –> right atrium –> tricuspid valve –> right ventricle –> pulmonary arteries –> lungs –> pulmonary veins –> left atrium –> mitral valve –> left ventricle –> aortic valve …
Which artery has the most blood?
The aorta (the main blood supplier to the body) branches off into two main coronary blood vessels (also called arteries). These coronary arteries branch off into smaller arteries, which supply oxygen-rich blood to the entire heart muscle. The right coronary artery supplies blood mainly to the right side of the heart.
Which leg has the main artery?
The main artery of the lower limb is the femoral artery. It is a continuation of the external iliac artery (terminal branch of the abdominal aorta). The external iliac becomes the femoral artery when it crosses under the inguinal ligament and enters the femoral triangle.
What are the 3 types of arteries?
There are three types of arteries. Each type is composed of three coats: outer, middle, and inner. Elastic arteries are also called conducting arteries or conduit arteries.
What are the thinnest arteries called?
Capillaries. Capillaries are the shortest, narrowest, and thinnest blood vessels. They connect arterioles to venules to complete the circuit.
Which is larger arteries or veins?
Arteries carry blood away from the heart and veins return blood to the heart. Veins are generally larger in diameter, carry more blood volume and have thinner walls in proportion to their lumen. Arteries are smaller, have thicker walls in proportion to their lumen and carry blood under higher pressure than veins.
What are the thinnest veins called?
Venules are the smallest, thinnest veins. They receive blood from the capillaries and deliver that blood into larger veins. The walls of the veins have the same three layers as the arteries: the tunica intima, the tunica media, and the tunica adventitia.
What is the most important vein in your body?
The superior vena cava is the large vein that brings blood from the head and arms to the heart, and the inferior vena cava brings blood from the abdomen and legs into the heart.
Which artery is the widow maker?
The widow-maker is a massive heart attack that occurs when the left anterior descending artery (LAD) is totally or almost completely blocked. The critical blockage in the artery stops, usually a blood clot, stops all the blood flow to the left side of the heart, causing the heart to stop beating normally.
What are the 3 major veins?
These include the great cardiac vein, the middle cardiac vein, the small cardiac vein, the smallest cardiac veins, and the anterior cardiac veins. Coronary veins carry blood with a poor level of oxygen, from the myocardium to the right atrium.