What is the most rare heart disease?

Brugada syndrome is a rare inherited cardiovascular disorder characterized by disturbances affecting the electrical system of the heart. The main symptom is irregular heartbeats and, without treatment, may potentially result in sudden death.

What are some rare heart diseases?

For example, here are some of the rare heart conditions in children that we treat:

  • Anomalous coronary artery.
  • Aortic stenosis.
  • Double outlet right ventricle.
  • Ebstein’s anomaly.
  • Eisenmenger syndrome.
  • Endocarditis.
  • Hyperlipidemia.
  • Mitral valve conditions.

What is the rarest heart defect?

Eisenmenger syndrome is a rare condition that affects both the heart and the lungs. The disease is characterized by high blood pressure and abnormal blood flow through the heart.

What is the most serious heart disease?

Blockage in the coronary arteries is called coronary artery disease—a condition in which the heart muscles don’t get enough blood and oxygen. The most serious effect of coronary artery disease is sudden death without warning.

How rare is a heart condition?

Cardiovascular disorders are anything but rare, accounting for almost 50% of all noncommunicable diseases worldwide and caused by common conditions such as hypertension.

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What are 4 types of heart disease?

What are the different types of heart disease?

  • Arrhythmia. An arrhythmia is a heart rhythm abnormality.
  • Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries.
  • Cardiomyopathy. …
  • Congenital heart defects. …
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD). …
  • Heart infections.

What is cardiac syndrome?

Cardiac Syndrome X (CSX) can be defined broadly as angina-like chest discomfort with normal epicardial coronary arteries on angiography. A proposed more strict definition of CSX entails the following criteria: Exercise-induced, angina-like chest discomfort. ST-segment depression during angina.

What are the symptoms if you have a hole in your heart?


  • Shortness of breath, especially when exercising.
  • Fatigue.
  • Swelling of legs, feet or abdomen.
  • Heart palpitations or skipped beats.
  • Stroke.
  • Heart murmur, a whooshing sound that can be heard through a stethoscope.


Can your heart be the wrong way around?

Transposition of the great arteries (or TGA) is a condition whereby the two arteries from the heart are swapped, so that they end up the wrong way around.

Can you live a long life with a hole in your heart?

Living With Holes in the Heart. The outlook for children who have atrial septal defects (ASDs) or ventricular septal defects (VSDs) is excellent. Advances in treatment allow most children who have these heart defects to live normal, active, and productive lives with no decrease in lifespan.

What are the 4 signs your heart is quietly failing?

Heart failure signs and symptoms may include:

  • Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down.
  • Fatigue and weakness.
  • Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet.
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat.
  • Reduced ability to exercise.
  • Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm.
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What foods cause heart attacks?

Foods That Are Bad for Your Heart

  • Sugar, Salt, Fat. Over time, high amounts of salt, sugar, saturated fat, and refined carbs raise your risk for a heart attack or stroke. …
  • Bacon. …
  • Red Meat. …
  • Soda. …
  • Baked Goods. …
  • Processed Meats. …
  • White Rice, Bread, and Pasta. …
  • Pizza.


Can heart disease be cured?

A: Although we can’t cure heart disease, we can make it better. Most forms of heart disease are very treatable today. There is some evidence that normalizing high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol to very low levels will partially reverse plaques in the coronary arteries.

What heart problems are there?

Common heart conditions

  • Unstable angina. Unstable angina can be undiagnosed chest pain or a sudden worsening of existing angina. …
  • Heart attack. …
  • Heart failure. …
  • Arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythms) …
  • Valve disease. …
  • High blood pressure. …
  • Congenital heart conditions. …
  • Inherited heart conditions.


Is Brugada genetic?

Brugada syndrome is a genetic disorder that can causes a dangerous irregular heartbeat. In many cases, a defect in the SCN5A gene causes the genetic form of this condition.

What is the life expectancy of someone with Brugada syndrome?

Life expectancy for Brugada syndrome depends on early diagnosis and treatment. Brugada syndrome may be a major cause of sudden cardiac death in men under 40. People with Brugada syndrome on average die between the ages of 26 to 56 years, with an average age of 40 years.

Cardiac cycle