Gestational hypertension is high blood pressure in pregnancy. It occurs in about 3 in 50 pregnancies. This condition is different from chronic hypertension. Chronic hypertension happens when a woman has high blood pressure before she gets pregnant. It’s also different from preeclampsia and eclampsia.
What is severe hypertension in pregnancy?
Chronic hypertension in pregnancy is defined by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) as blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg systolic and/or 90 mm Hg diastolic before pregnancy or, in recognition that many women seek medical care only once pregnant, before 20 weeks of gestation, use of antihypertensive …
How serious is gestational hypertension?
Gestational hypertension can also lead to fetal problems including intrauterine growth restriction (poor fetal growth) and stillbirth. If untreated, severe gestational hypertension may cause dangerous seizures (eclampsia) and even death in the mother and fetus.
What are the 3 classification of gestational hypertension?
Hypertensive disorders during pregnancy are classified into 4 categories, as recommended by the National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy: 1) chronic hypertension, 2) preeclampsia-eclampsia, 3) preeclampsia superimposed on chronic hypertension, and 4) gestational …
How is gestational hypertension treated?
1 Now, primary treatments for gestational hypertension include medications and prenatal monitoring.
1 Drugs to treat spiking high blood pressure in pregnancy include:
- Labetalol: a beta-blocker, which helps to slow your heart rate.
- Hydralazine: a vasodilator, which relaxes blood vessels to promote blood flow.
Does bed rest help gestational hypertension?
Women with worsening hypertension during pregnancy often are placed on bed rest or restricted activity, although no scientific evidence demonstrates that this is beneficial in prolonging gestation or reducing maternal or fetal morbidity/mortality.
When do you deliver with gestational hypertension?
Until a randomized controlled trial is performed, delivering women with gestational hypertension at 38 to 39 weeks, when feasible, seems prudent.
What are the warning signs of gestational hypertension?
What are the symptoms of gestational hypertension?
- Headache that doesn’t go away.
- Edema (swelling)
- Sudden weight gain.
- Vision changes, such as blurred or double vision.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Pain in the upper right side of your belly, or pain around your stomach.
- Making small amounts of urine.
Can gestational hypertension go away?
Gestational hypertension is high blood pressure that you develop while you are pregnant. It starts after you are 20 weeks pregnant. You usually don’t have any other symptoms. In many cases, it does not harm you or your baby, and it goes away within 12 weeks after childbirth.
Will I be induced if I have gestational hypertension?
Induction of labor after 37 weeks recommended for women with gestational hypertension/mild pre-eclampsia (Hypitat study) Pregnant women with mild hypertensive disorders such as high blood pressure/mild pre-eclampsia^ should have their labour induced once they complete 37 weeks of their pregnancy.
How often does gestational hypertension turn into preeclampsia?
A percentage of women (10 to 25 percent) with gestational hypertension can progress to having preeclampsia.
How do you treat gestational hypertension naturally?
Here are 7 natural ways you can lower your blood pressure during pregnancy.
- Ditch the salt. …
- Eat a healthy more whole grains and potassium-rich foods. …
- Destress. …
- Get moving. …
- No smoking or alcohol. …
- Keep a close eye on your weight. …
- Follow medication protocol.
Can I sit during bed rest?
Partial bed rest usually means it’s usually okay to sit, stand, or walk around for short periods of time. It is sometimes called modified bed rest. Full bed rest usually means you need to lie down most of the day except when you go to the bathroom or take a bath or shower.