What has research shown about the relationship between hostility and heart disease?

Hostility is a better predictor of coronary heart disease (CHD) in older men than a variety of other sociodemographic and physiological risk factors, including smoking, drinking, high caloric intake and high levels of LDL cholesterol, according to a new study published in Health Psychology (Vol. 21, No. 6).

What is the relationship between hostility and heart disease?

Evidence that hostility is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease has been accumulating for longer than a decade. Population-based studies have reported significantly greater risk of morbidity,1-3 including coronary calcification,3 and mortality4-7 in individuals with high levels of hostility.

How does hostility cause coronary heart disease?

However, most developmental research on hostility has focused on mechanisms by which hostility may lead to CHD, such as through promoting unhealthy habits (e.g. ,smoking), heightened sympathetic reactivity, or through lower levels of social support, higher levels of distress and more stressful life events, which are …

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How is hostility linked to illness?

A triggering event, such as an outburst of anger, may increase the risk of nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) or CHD death. Another possibility is that hostility may promote poor health behaviors such as smoking, physical inactivity, and medication nonadherence, which increase the risk of CV events.

What kinds of psychological and social factors contribute to CVD?

More than six decades of empirical research have shown that psychosocial risk factors like low socio-economic status, lack of social support, stress at work and family life, depression, anxiety, and hostility contribute both to the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) and the worsening of clinical course and …

How can you make people less hostile?

How to Cope with an Aggressive Individual

  1. Keep your cool. The last thing that will alleviate this situation is another aggressive individual. …
  2. Put yourself in their shoes. Even if the aggression seems unwarranted, take a moment to imagine yourself in their position. …
  3. Express your concern. …
  4. Distance yourself.


How does long term exposure to stress damage the cardiovascular system?

Stress can cause increased oxygen demand on the body, spasm of the coronary (heart) blood vessels, and electrical instability in the heart’s conduction system. Chronic stress has been shown to increase the heart rate and blood pressure, making the heart work harder to produce the blood flow needed for bodily functions.

Which of the following is a risk factor for coronary heart disease?

The traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease are high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, family history, diabetes, smoking, being post-menopausal for women and being older than 45 for men, according to Fisher.

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How does a hostile attitude affect CVD?

For example, attitudes may affect CVD risk in several ways, by influencing an individual’s 1) adoption of health behaviors, 2) maladaptive stress responding resulting in direct alteration of physiology (i.e., autonomic dysfunction, thrombosis, arrhythmias), 3) development of traditional CVD risk factors, and 4) lack of …

Can heart issues cause aggression?

The authors found that anger and hostility were associated with increased CHD events in the healthy population studies, and that this association was stronger for men than for women.

Why Does hostility predispose people to health problems?

“In some studies, people with high hostility levels have shown more pronounced blood pressure and heart rate responses when they are put into situations designed to make them angry — or even asked to think about them,” says psychiatrist Redford Williams, MD, author of Anger Kills and an authority on the heart-damaging …

What is the meaning of hostility?

1 : an unfriendly or hostile state, attitude, or action They showed no hostility toward strangers. 2 hostilities plural : acts of warfare. hostility.

What is the synonym of hostility?

Some common synonyms of hostility are animosity, animus, antagonism, antipathy, enmity, and rancor. While all these words mean “deep-seated dislike or ill will,” hostility suggests an enmity showing itself in attacks or aggression.

What psychological factors play a role in heart disease?

This study showed that psychological factors as protective or risk factors have an important role in CHD; the most important of which are depression, anxiety, stress, occupational status, and94-97 social support.

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Which one of the following psychological factors has been linked to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease?

Psychological distress, particularly depression, is being increasingly recognized as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease (CHD). Depression is also associated with increased mortality risk following myocardial infarction.

What is the social impact of cardiovascular disease?

people who have cardiovascular disease are more likely to suffer from depression. Depression also slows recovery from heart attacks/surgery and increases the risk of having another heart attack. people who are depressed may be at greater risk for developing cardiovascular disease.

Cardiac cycle