Common blood disorders include anemia, bleeding disorders such as hemophilia, blood clots, and blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma. Talking to your doctor is the first step to take if you believe you may have a blood condition.
What is the most common blood disorder?
Types of red blood cell disorders
Anemias, where there are not enough red blood cells or the cells do not work correctly, are among the most common blood disorders. According to the American Society of Hematology, anemia affects more than 3 million Americans.
What are the symptoms of blood disorders?
Blood disorder symptoms depend on the part of the blood affected. Some common symptoms include fatigue, fever, infections, and abnormal bleeding.
- Bone pain.
- Fatigue and weakness.
- Fever, chills, and night sweats.
- Frequent infections.
- Swollen lymph nodes.
- Unexplained weight loss.
What are some rare blood disorders?
Fortunately, even the rarest blood diseases are treatable.
- Aplastic Anemia. Fewer than 1,000 people per year are diagnosed with aplastic anemia in the United States. …
- Myelofibrosis. …
- Polycythemia Vera. …
- Hairy Cell Leukemia. …
- Factor XIII Deficiency. …
- Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria. …
- Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia.
What blood disorder can kill you?
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is a rare, life-threatening disease. It causes blood clots, destroys blood cells, and impairs bone marrow function.
How are blood disorders treated?
Growth factors to stimulate blood cell production. Steroids or other drugs to suppress your immune system. Chemotherapy to destroy abnormal cells. Transfusions to support you with healthy blood cells.
What can cause blood disorders?
Blood disorders affect one or more parts of the blood and prevent your blood from doing its job. They can be acute or chronic. Many blood disorders are inherited. Other causes include other diseases, side effects of medicines, and a lack of certain nutrients in your diet.
Are blood disorders hereditary?
Bleeding disorders are quite rare, and some bleeding disorders such as hemophilia, can be congenital (hereditary) or acquired. Congenital bleeding disorders are caused by defects or damage in the genes and are present at birth. They can be inherited or appear due to a genetic mutation.
Is High Blood Pressure a blood disorder?
The most common blood pressure disorders are high blood pressure (hypertension) and low blood pressure (hypotension). Both have many causes and can range in severity from mild to dangerous.
What diseases affect white blood cells?
A number of diseases and conditions may affect white blood cell levels:
- Weak immune system. This is often caused by illnesses such as HIV/AIDS or by cancer treatment. …
- Infection. …
- Myelodysplastic syndrome. …
- Cancer of the blood. …
- Myeloproliferative disorder. …
What blood disorders cause clots?
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- Antiphospholipid syndrome.
- Arteriosclerosis / atherosclerosis.
- Certain medications, such as oral contraceptives and hormone therapy drugs.
- Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) (DVT)
- Factor V Leiden.
- Family history of blood clots.
- Heart arrhythmia (heart rhythm problems)
Is thalassemia a blood cancer?
Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder that affects the body’s ability to produce hemoglobin and red blood cells. A person with thalassemia will have too few red blood cells and too little hemoglobin, and the red blood cells may be too small. The impact can range from mild to severe and life-threatening.
How do you test for blood disorders?
The blood test most commonly done is the complete blood count (CBC). The CBC is an evaluation of all the cellular components (red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets) in the blood. Automated machines do this test in less than 1 minute on a small amount of blood.
What is the rarest blood disorder?
Myelodysplastic syndrome (myelodysplasia) is a rare group of blood disorders that occur as a result of improper development of blood cells within the bone marrow. The three main types of blood cells (i.e., red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets) are affected.