Is decreased cardiac output a nursing diagnosis?

The nursing diagnosis, decreased cardiac output (DCO), is defined by NANDA International (NANDA-I) as “inadequate blood pumped by the heart to meet metabolic demands of the body (p. 139).” The nursing diagnosis contains the diagnostic concept (label), definition, DCs and related factors.

What are nursing interventions for decreased cardiac output?

Common nursing interventions for decreased cardiac output include:

  • Provide supplemental oxygen (if needed)
  • Monitor fluid intake, including IVs if necessary.
  • Monitor the patient’s heart rate.
  • Monitor blood pressure.
  • Record heart sounds.
  • Record pulse.


What is the nursing diagnosis of heart failure?

Study 1 clinically validated the defining characteristics of the nursing diagnosis “decreased cardiac output” from NANDA-International. The most important characteristics were fatigue, dyspnea, edema, orthopnea, nocturne paroxysmal dyspnea and elevated central venous pressure.

What happens when there is decreased cardiac output?

Low-output symptoms, which are caused by the inability of the heart to generate enough cardiac output, leading to reduced blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. These symptoms may include lightheadedness, fatigue, and low urine output.

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What is as evidenced by for a nursing diagnosis?

For risk nursing diagnosis, no signs and symptoms are present therefore the factors that cause the client to be more susceptible to the problem form the etiology of a risk nursing diagnosis. Defining characteristics are written following the phrase “as evidenced by” or “as manifested by” in the diagnostic statement.

What are the nursing interventions for hypotension?


  • Use more salt. Experts usually recommend limiting salt in your diet because sodium can raise blood pressure, sometimes dramatically. …
  • Drink more water. Fluids increase blood volume and help prevent dehydration, both of which are important in treating hypotension.
  • Wear compression stockings. …
  • Medications.


What causes low cardiac output?

A bradycardia may be the primary cause of low cardiac output. Hypothyroidism, hypothermia, drugs such as beta blockers and calcium channels blockers, inferior myocardial ischemia and conduction system dysfunction may all cause significant bradycardia.

What are nursing diagnosis for AFIB?

Nursing care of patients who experience lone atrial fibrillation include the following nursing diagnoses: Anxiety. Decreased activity tolerance. Decreased cardiac output.

How do you increase cardiac output?

Your heart can also increase its stroke volume by pumping more forcefully or increasing the amount of blood that fills the left ventricle before it pumps. Generally speaking, your heart beats both faster and stronger to increase cardiac output during exercise.

Is systolic heart failure left or right?

With left-sided heart failure, you may have systolic or diastolic failure. Systolic failure happens when the heart doesn’t pump out blood the way it should. Diastolic means the heart doesn’t fill back up with blood as it should.

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What increases and decreases cardiac output?

When heart rate or stroke volume increases, cardiac output is likely to increase also. Conversely, a decrease in heart rate or stroke volume can decrease cardiac output.

What is low output heart failure?

Low-output heart failure (LoHF) is a clinical syndrome characterized by decreased cardiac output accompanied by end-organ hypoperfusion. It is an uncommon form of heart failure in the general population but prevalent in post-operation HF patients.

What is low cardiac output syndrome?

Abstract. Low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) is a clinical condition that is caused by a transient decrease in systemic perfusion secondary to myocardial dysfunction. The outcome is an imbalance between oxygen delivery and oxygen consumption at the cellular level which leads to metabolic acidosis.

What does r/t mean in nursing?

A respiratory therapist (RT) is a certified medical professional who specializes in providing healthcare for your lungs. They have advanced knowledge of high-tech equipment, such as mechanical ventilators. RTs work alongside doctors and nurses.

What are some examples of nursing diagnosis?

Examples of this type of nursing diagnosis include:

  • Risk for imbalanced fluid volume.
  • Risk for ineffective childbearing process.
  • Risk for impaired oral mucous membrane integrity.


Cardiac cycle