How is cephalic vein thrombosis treated?

Is cephalic vein considered a deep vein?

The upper extremity veins are divided into the superficial and deep venous systems (figure 1). Superficial veins — The main superficial veins of the upper extremity include the cephalic, basilic, median cubital, and accessory cephalic veins (figure 1).

Do we need to treat superficial venous thrombosis?

For superficial thrombophlebitis, your doctor might recommend applying heat to the painful area, elevating the affected leg, using an over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and possibly wearing compression stockings. The condition usually improves on its own.

Does superficial vein thrombosis need anticoagulation?

Anticoagulants are usually not indicated in superficial thrombophlebitis unless the process extends into the deep venous system or persistent inflammation is present in an affected area.

When do you Anticoagulate superficial thrombophlebitis?

Some experts recommend that patients with superficial thrombophlebitis that is located close (< 3 cm) to the saphenofemoral junction should be given similar anticoagulant treatment as in deep vein thrombosis.

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Where does the cephalic vein pass?

Cephalic Vein

It ascends the antero-lateral aspect of the upper limb, passing anteriorly at the elbow. At the shoulder, the cephalic vein travels between the deltoid and pectoralis major muscles (known as the deltopectoral groove), and enters the axilla region via the clavipectoral triangle.

Where does the cephalic vein empty into?

The cephalic vein is a superficial vein which courses along the anterolateral aspect of the arm and continues into the deltopectoral groove to empty into the subclavian vein.

Which treatment is likely to be beneficial for a patient with lower leg superficial vein thrombosis?

Compression and mobilisation are the cornerstones of treatment. For a short segment thrombosis, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs exert a proven favorable effect. For longer segments, low molecular weight heparins are preferred. In case of extensive thrombosis, fondaparinux is usually the first line treatment.

Why should you not collect blood from a thrombosed vein?

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): If the blood clot is in the veins deep in the body, it is called a deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This type of clot can travel to the lungs (pulmonary embolism) and block blood flow to the lungs. In severe cases, this can lead to death.

Do blood clots feel like lumps?

WHAT IS A DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS? The clot causes swelling of the vein or thrombophlebitis and can cause pain, aching or discomfort. This is NOT the same as a superficial clot in the leg, which is felt as a painful, often hard lump in the veins you can see on your leg.

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How long does superficial vein thrombosis last?

This condition usually goes away within two weeks. It can take longer for the hardness in your vein to subside.

What is the difference between superficial thrombophlebitis and deep vein thrombosis?

These symptoms are much like those of DVT, but the two conditions are different. DVT happens deep within your body. Superficial thrombophlebitis is close to the surface. About 20% of people who have superficial thrombophlebitis also get a blood clot in their leg.

How do you treat superficial veins?

Most often, superficial venous thrombosis subsides by itself. Applying warm compresses and taking an analgesic, such as aspirin or another nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), usually help relieve the pain.

Is it OK to exercise with superficial thrombophlebitis?

In case of superficial vein thrombosis/superficial thrombophlebitis, vein lines should be removed. In neoplastic diseases and hematological disorders, anticoagulants may be necessary. Exercise reduces pain and the possibility of deep vein thrombosis. Only in cases in which pain is very severe is bed rest necessary.

How long does it take for thrombophlebitis to resolve?

The condition usually settles and goes within 2-6 weeks. Treatments can ease pain or discomfort.

Is D Dimer raised in thrombophlebitis?

D-dimer is of no value in differentiating superficial from deep venous thrombosis – it may be elevated in both.

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